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America was founded on Revolution

Against oppression and an oppressor (the British). -> Only to turn around to become the largest oppressor in the history of the World.



Really interesting...in-depth, taking notes...very complex. Bought his (Steve Keen's) book - "New Economics..."


What democracy? ->


98% of UN Just Voted to End the Blockade of Cuba. So Why is the US Refusing to Comply? BreakThrough News 30K views


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Chris Hedges Predicts CURRENT CRISIS over 4 years ago! Chris Hedges Fan Club 19K views

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This explains things, so well, in just under an hour and a half (one can learn A LOT from watching videos BUT it's not deep learning):


Wall Street Probably HATES Michael Hudson...

Chris Hedges Fan Club • 12K views


------------ In combination with this book: "The Tyranny of the Federal Reserve"




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Why The US Is Not A Democracy Second Thought 260K views

Get free access to Nebula with your CuriosityStream subscription and watch episode 3 of my original series, The New F-Word! https://curiositystream.com/secondthought People often assume that...


U.S. Troops Now ON THE GROUND In Ukraine Admits Pentagon The Jimmy Dore Show 90K views

Almost from the outset of the Ukraine conflict, speculation has swirled about the likelihood of American “boots on the ground” in Ukraine, and at a recent press conference Brigadier General...


The Great War Already Started - Sheikh Imran Hosein Dynamic Islam • 3.5K views

The Great War Already Started - Sheikh Imran Hosein Recommended Playlists: Dynamic Islam: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLFUEuXaUy1i-ScSnVQscosYrss10rSA3Z End Time Series:


Golden Ratio = Mind Blown! DavidsonArtOnline • 2.7M views

This video provides a basic explanation of the Golden Ratio and the Fibonacci sequence in an easy, enthusiastic, and accessible manner. Examples illustrate how the Golden Ratio appears in...



The Remarkable Structure of the Qur'an ManyProphetsOneMessage • 197K views

The arrangement of the Qur’an is one of many reasons why Muslims believe that it could only have come from God. In fact, modern research has discovered a remarkable structure in the Qur’an...


WE ARE LIVING IN THE END TIMES One Islam Productions 54K views

Produced By One Islam Productions Check out the Smile 2 Jannah Channel Here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCeccrNGLzk6d0M_vaomD3LQ -------------------------------------------------------------...


REAL REASON WHY ANDREW TATE ACCEPTED ISLAM! The Daily Reminder 245K views

AFGHAN PARENTS ARE SELLING THEIR ORGANS TO FEED THEIR CHILDREN! IF WE DON'T HELP, MILLIONS WILL DIE OF HUNGER! SUPPORT SCHOOL MEALS FOR CHILDREN:


Complaining Transfers Energies? | Each Person has 1 Jinn Attached To Them? | Sufi Meditation Center The Muhammadan Way Sufi Realities • 8.7K views

Q&A Talk Chapters : 00:00 Thank you message to all those participating. Those in the shadows, rise up! 02:05 How can we tap into this 70 trillion of volts of energy that Allah (AJ) gave us?...


Chris Hedges | Shameful Silicon Valley PREDATORS Chris Hedges Fan Club • 2.3K views

Christopher Lynn Hedges (born September 18, 1956) is an American Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, Presbyterian minister, author and television host. His books include War Is a Force That...


this is embarrassing... The Dive with Jackson Hinkle 29K views

Support the show with a contribution: Locals: https://jacksonhinkle.locals.com/support Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/jacksonhinkle GiveSendGo: https://www.givesendgo.com/jacksonhinklethedive...


Truss text. Sunak, one week as UK Prime Minister The Duran • 111K views

Truss text. Sunak, one week as UK Prime Minister The Duran: Episode 1426 *****LOCALS COMMUNITY***** https://theduran.locals.com 1 MONTH FREE TRIAL: https://theduran.locals.com/support/promo/DURA...


Saudi (Najdi), Salafi, Halloween & Low Intelligence Shiekh Omar Baloch • 8.3K views

Saudi (Najdi), Salafi Halloween & Low Intelligence.... Please make sure to subscribe. Also, join our telegram group https://t.me/dajjalvskhilafah Also, consider donating to our cause ...


Heat the person not the room. How to keep warm all winter, using 7 watts of power. Cairn Of Dunn Croft Permaculture • 202K views

With so many people unable to heat their homes this winter, I made this video to demonstrate how to keep warm efficiently. There are lots of designs for emergency heaters, but this method...


Putin Gives FIERY Speech The Dive with Jackson Hinkle 83K views

Support the show with a contribution: Locals: https://jacksonhinkle.locals.com/support Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/jacksonhinkle GiveSendGo: https://www.givesendgo.com/jacksonhinklethedive...


Ukraine's descent into chaos Douglas Macgregor • 127K views

United States and worldwide Geopolitics analysis. Russia Ukraine conflict latest news update with Colonel Douglas Macgregor. Interview with Clayton Morris.


What Putin and China are doing will mean lights out for the West. | Redacted with Clayton Morris Redacted 425K views

Putin just called out the west for plundering natural resources from Africa while at the same time solidifying his partnership with China, Brazil and Saudi Arabia. The U.S. is waking up to...


Russia Build-up Continues, Sullivan Flies to Kiev Urges Kherson Offensive, Change in Ukraine Stance Alexander Mercouris • 148K views

As Russia's Ukraine Build-up Continues, Biden's NSA Sullivan Flies to Kiev, Reportedly Urges Resumed Kherson Offensive, Change in Ukraine's Stance News Topic 664 *****LOCALS COMMUNITY*****...


Biden Got Another Slap in the Face From the Saudis Richard Medhurst 78K views

Support the show on Patreon: https://patreon.com/richardmedhurst Donate on PayPal: https://paypal.me/papichulomin Donate on GoFundMe: https://gf.me/u/yctyrt Rokfin:


They were lying about Afghanistan the whole time | Redacted with Clayton Morris Redacted 56K views

House Republicans are accusing the Biden administration of misleading the American public about the Afghan withdrawal. A new report by the House Foreign Affairs Committee says that "many sins"...


What Putin and China are doing will change EVERYTHING | Redacted with Clayton Morris Redacted 263K views

What Putin and China are planning will change everything and the western powers are going to be left with peanuts if they don't change course fast. The Total trade between China and Russia...


Didn't watch: 1:01:14NOW PLAYING


Watch later Add to queue

Michael Hudson: Why the US has a unique place in the history of imperialism? #Russia #US India & Global Left • 40K views Prof. Hudson speaks on the nature of US financial dominance, the role of World Bank in developing countries, USA's ability to run a huge balance of payment deficit, changes in Russia after...


Hmm: Russia's Top Banks Have JUST SOLD OFF This ENTIRE US Asset To Collapse The US Economy | Peter Schiff Investing Future • 90K views

Russia's Top Banks Have JUST SOLD OFF This ENTIRE US Asset To Collapse The US Economy | Peter Schiff According to Peter Schiff, countries will begin to realise they've had enough of America...


Didn't watch: 37th ASEAN Roundtable - Session I: Playing the Great Game ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute • 46K views

Speakers: Prof Kishore Mahbubani, Dr Evan Laksmana, Dr William Choong. Moderated by Ms Lee Sue-Ann. More info about the ASEAN Roundtable here: https://www.iseas.edu.sg/media/event-highlights/37th-...



The Sun Is No Longer Rising From The West

Sheikh Imran Hosein 143K views


THE TROOPS (AZ-ZUMAR) POWERFUL QURAN MercifulServant 644K views

► MERCIFULSERVANT MEMBERS: https://www.patreon.com/mercifulservant ►Recited by Shaykh Abdullah Humeid Az-Zumar (Arabic: الزمر‎, "The Troops") is the 39th chapter (surah), of the...



THE MOST HEART TOUCHING RECITATION OF SURAH BAQARAH TheProphetsPath 3.9M views

Very peaceful, heart touching recitation of Surah Al Baqarah. This video includes the English as well as the Arabic text so you can read along with the reciter. ► Become a member : https://bit....


MBS & BRICS, the most dangerous pivot in history The Duran • 228K views

MBS & BRICS, the most dangerous pivot in history The Duran: Episode 1430 *****LOCALS COMMUNITY***** https://theduran.locals.com 1 MONTH FREE TRIAL: https://theduran.locals.com/support/promo/DURA...




Midterms - what a bunch of hoopla from the Democratic Party/Establishment: No Bill Maher, Democracy Is NOT On The Ballot The Jimmy Dore Show 169K views

Bill Maher is very concerned about democracy. Specifically, he believes that if Democrats lose the midterm elections, that’s the death knell for the American experiment in democratic governance....


Need to watch: Michael Hudson: A New Bipolar World. US finance capitalism vs. China's mixed public/ private economy Helle Panke • 22K views

Online-talk with Michael Hudson and Mathew D. Rose, November 1, 2022 A Cooperation of Helle Panke e.V. with Brave New Europe, OXI and Rosa-Luxemburg-Foundation To support our work please...


Chris Hedges | Everything WRONG With America in 11 minutes Chris Hedges Fan Club • 46K views

Christopher Lynn Hedges (born September 18, 1956) is an American Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, Presbyterian minister, author and television host. His books include War Is a Force That...


It was alright - hear from the man himself in a Q&A: Vladimir Putin Question and Answer Session at Valdai Discussion Club - English Subtitles - Part 3 Michael Rossi Poli Sci • 2.9K views

Support me and my work on Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/MichaelRossiPoliSci Russian President Vladimir speaks with guests at the the 19th meeting of the Valdai International Discussion...


Haven't watched: What Is Wrong With Globalization? | Economics for People with Ha-Joon Chang New Economic Thinking • 86K views

Across the world we’re seeing governments and popular movements come to power that are opposed to globalization. Why? In this third lecture in INET’s “Economics For People” series,...


Medically Cleared For Spiritual Practices? | Resolving Mental Illnesses | Sufi Meditation Center The Muhammadan Way Sufi Realities • 4.1K views

An immensely important recalibration from Shaykh Nurjan on firstly acquiring the wellness of the mind and body before seeking a spiritual path. Otherwise, what you're hearing is not what is...



Shorts: Man has surpassed Nemrud & Firaun

OSMANLI DERGAH • 1.8K views


Haven't watched: AI’s Interference with the Judicial Process (AI Ethics: Global Perspectives) The GovLab • 34 views

AI’s Interference with the Judicial Process and Governance Approaches to Regulate AI by Jane Loo and Willow Wong (AI Ethics: Global Perspectives) This module contains two parts. The first...



Want to watch: Native American Proverbs & Sayings [INSPIRING] - Gracious Quotes. Motivation Life • 512 views

Native American Proverbs QUOTES! #lifequotes #quotes #motivationlife #native These Native American Proverbs contain a true wisdom to live by and use in daily life. Here you will find wise...


Probably should watch: The Chris Hedges Report: The truth about Ukraine with Medea Benjamin The Real News Network 249K views

Peace activist and author Medea Benjamin joins The Chris Hedges Report to discuss the history of Ukraine as explained in her new book, War in Ukraine: Making Sense of a Senseless Conflict,...


woah. The Dive with Jackson Hinkle 41K views

Support the show with a contribution: Locals: https://jacksonhinkle.locals.com/support Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/jacksonhinkle GiveSendGo: https://www.givesendgo.com/jacksonhinklethedive...


Hmm, interesting...Islam is different, nationalism is dangerous but so is a lot of things:

ITALY Won't FIGHT RUSSIA, Will FIGHT GLOBALISM The Dive with Jackson Hinkle 29K views

Support the show with a contribution: Locals: https://jacksonhinkle.locals.com/support Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/jacksonhinkle GiveSendGo: https://www.givesendgo.com/jacksonhinklethedive...


Chris Hedges Progressive Misleadership Class. worldpeace05 • 11K views

Chris Hedges Progressive Misleadership Class.


A believer must know the difference between his mistake and a test from Allah OSMANLI DERGAH • 1.3K views

BismillahiRehmannirRahim In this sohbet Sheykh Lokman Efendi Hz is answering a question from a murid about hardships that a believer faces. Sheykh Efendi explains that it a believer must know...


Watched some: Is Nord Stream 2 the main reason behind the Ukraine conflict? George Galloway • 57K views

#nordstream #nordstream2 Is the conflict in Ukraine essentially about sovereignty or is it about economic issues who controls natural resources? *********** First broadcast on Almayadeen...


Chris Hedges | Do THIS or You're DOOMED! Chris Hedges Fan Club • 18K views

Christopher Lynn Hedges (born September 18, 1956) is an American Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, Presbyterian minister, author and television host. His books include War Is a Force That...


Looks good, haven't watched:


The Nuts and Bolts of Better Brains: Harnessing the Power of Neuroplasticity World Science Festival • 1.3M views

What if your brain at 77 were as plastic as it was at 7? What if you could learn Mandarin with the ease of a toddler or play Rachmaninoff without breaking a sweat? A growing understanding of...


WATCH:


How Wall Street gave birth to the CIA and US national security state (with historian Aaron Good) Multipolarista • 15K views


WATCH:

Confucianism and China: Past and Present BYU Kennedy Center • 31K views

Peter K. Bol Vice provost for Advances in Learning, Harvard University Chinese nationalism appears to have an intimate connection with Confucianism. Bol expands on this relationship (or possible...

The Chris Hedges Report: America's dangerous leaders with Andrew Bacevich The Real News Network 61K views Retired Army Colonel Andrew Bacevich argues America's leaders are woefully out of touch with reality, and unable to adapt to a changing world. Unless they are wrenched from power, the twilight...



Be righteous, not self-righteous, is a process: The Generous Souls That Are Your Cosmic Gateway To Universal Love | Sufi Meditation Center The Muhammadan Way Sufi Realities • 2.7K views

Talk Chapters : 00:00 Recitation of the madad (support) 01:01 The Martyrdom and immense reality of Sayyidina Uthman ibn Affan (as) 02:12 The holy companions have been anciently created for...




Not sure, haven't watched: Crisis of Western Capitalism: Sweden, Neo-Nazis & NATO Targeting of China, w/ Lily Lynch BreakThrough News 17K views

The crisis of Western capitalism has led to the election of an ultra-right party in Sweden, with historical connection to the Nazi movement. The drive for escalation with Russia prompted Finland...



So good:

Hijrah & Friends: 2 Essentials for the Future Shiekh Omar Baloch 3.1K views

Please make sure to subscribe. Also, join our telegram group https://t.me/dajjalvskhilafah Also, consider donating to our cause https://paypal.me/arabicclass To get the PDF for...




Short Tafsir of Ayah thul Kursi Shiekh Omar Baloch 1.5K views

Assalam Alaikum, Please make sure to subscribe. Also, join our telegram group https://t.me/dajjalvskhilafah Also, consider donating to our cause https://paypal.me/arabicclass To get...



Actually this was placed here in my real life history:



Confucianism and China: Past and Present BYU Kennedy Center• 31K views

Peter K. Bol Vice provost for Advances in Learning, Harvard University Chinese nationalism appears to have an intimate connection with Confucianism. Bol expands on this relationship (or possible...



Haven't watched: Howard Zinn's "Three Holy Wars" The Real News Network 168K views

More at http://therealnews.com/t/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=102 Howard Zinn speaks at the Progressive's 100 Anniversary Conference for more info visit http://www.progressive.org/



THIS MAN IS SAYING BE READY FOR DAJJAL | WHY? Quran and Islam 155K views

Buy Our Best Selling Beautiful Islamic Artwork: https://quran-islam.creator-spring.com ------------------------------------------------------ 🔥 GET OUR BESTSELLER BOOK 🔥 ►100 Heart...



THIS CAN SAVE YOU ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT One Islam Productions 539K views

❱ Support Our Channel (monthly): https://www.patreon.com/oneislamproductions ❱ Support Our Channel (One-Time): https://www.gofundme.com/f/support-our-regular-dawah-work Check out our...


Republicans Make HUGE Demands On New Republican Speaker Kevin McCarthy The Jimmy Dore Show 96K views

Become a Premium Member: https://jimmydorecomedy.com/join Go to a Live Show: https://jimmydorecomedy.com/tour Subscribe to Our Newsletter:



"Carbon Billionaires": Oxfam Calls for Taxing Rich Who Profit from Emissions Fueling Climate Crisis Democracy Now! 14K views

A new Oxfam analysis finds the investments of the world's richest people are emitting 3 million tons a year — more than a million times the average person's output. The report, titled "Carbon...


The WEF just admitted the TRUTH about the coming recession and China is watching | Redacted News Redacted 217K views

The WEF is warning that a major economic recession is coming in 2023 and China will be target number one. And something really fishy is going on with these central banks hoarding gold. We already...



Already watched a while ago but thought it would be a good one to add: Carl Sagan testifying before Congress in 1985 on climate change carlsagandotcom• 1.9M views

Original source: https://www.c-span.org/video/?125856-1/greenhouse-effect DECEMBER 10, 1985 “Witnesses testified on how the greenhouse effect will change the global climate system and possible...



Have I posted this before?: 5G, Wireless Radiation and Health: A Scientific and Policy Update


---> How UV Causes Cancer and Aging Veritasium


-----> "High Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation Associated With Cancer in Male Rats" - https://www.niehs.nih.gov/news/newsroom/releases/2018/november1/index.cfm


Agree: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2022.1042478/full

"

Carcinogenesis from chronic exposure to radio-frequency radiation

James C. Lin*

  • Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bioengineering, and Physiology and Biophysics, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States

The past two decades have seen exponential growth in demand for wireless access that has been projected to continue for years to come. Meeting the demand would necessarily bring about greater human exposure to microwave and radiofrequency (RF) radiation. Our knowledge regarding its health effects has increased. Nevertheless, they have become a focal point of current interest and concern. The cellphone and allied wireless communication technologies have demonstrated their direct benefit to people in modern society. However, as for their impact on the radiation health and safety of humans who are unnecessarily subjected to various levels of RF exposure over prolonged durations or even over their lifetime, the jury is still out. Furthermore, there are consistent indications from epidemiological studies and animal investigations that RF exposure is probably carcinogenic to humans. The principle of ALARA—as low as reasonably achievable—ought to be adopted as a strategy for RF health and safety protection.


"

---- Don't be too alarmed, distance away from devices is exponentially weaker as distance increases but I take some precautions...


---->

Jesse Ventura back in the day - "Cut defense spending" (section of this talk) :

Jesse Ventura | 63 Documents the Government Doesn't Want You to Read | Talks at Google


Talks at Google

5,971,477 views May 6, 2011


Jesse Ventura visited Google's Santa Monica office on April 13, 2011 to discuss his new bestseller: "63 Documents the Government Doesn't Want You to Read."

I like it for the most part (don't be crazy or go too far with stuff but...we've (the U.S.) have went so far the other way...that's dangerous (creating a bunch of weak narcissists potentially) but we do have sports, but that's another issue), agree:

Russia to introduce basic military education in schools. Great, it builds courage and character.

Emil Cosman

4,427 views Nov 10, 2022



Didn't watch: US World War 3 Plan


The Infographics Show

2.8M views 2 weeks ago

With China testing the waters in the Pacific, and Russia's invasion of Ukraine, it's safe to say it won't be long before the United States finds itself involved in some kind of conflict marking a new World War 3 between major world powers. What's America's plan to be on the winning side? Check out today's epic new video to find out! …

Did I post this link? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Consensus


GETTING CANCELLED One Islam Productions 4.5K views

Produced By One Islam Productions By Yasir Qadhi ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ The ONE ISLAM TV APP is now available on Apple devices,...



PROOF that this is a ALL a Hollywood production | Redacted with Natali and Clayton Morris Redacted 280K views




While Failing to Save the Planet Jordan B Peterson 405K views

Dr. Peterson and Dr. Lomborg read their article most recently published in the Telegraph. Together, they discuss how those who hypothetically lead us on the environmental front are actually...



The Qatar World Cup: 'LGBTQ' and Western criticism of Islam Blogging Theology 27K views

Qatar World Cup ambassador calls homosexuality ‘damage in the mind’ https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/qatari-world-cup-ambassador-calls-homosexuality-damage-in-the-mind-




Briahna Joy Gray: Did Biden RIG Student Debt Forgiveness To Fail? The Hill 57K views

Briahna Joy Gray makes the case that student loan debt forgiveness in the federal system is in the interest of Wall Street and the banks, and nobody is fighting wholeheartedly for the people....


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Bunch of stuff:


https://www.rt.com/news/565150-infinite-xi/

Xi’s third term: Here’s why the Chinese leader's reelection is good news for Russia, but ominous for the US and Taiwan

The precedent-busting extra five years could see years of tensions finally come to a head



https://www.rt.com/news/565500-politico-macron-scholz-agree-us-protectionism/

Germany and France agree on pushback against US plans – Politico

Scholz and Macron reportedly deem Washington’s planned incentive scheme for foreign investors as unfair competition


https://www.rt.com/russia/565523-timofey-bordachev-western-hegemony/

Timofey Bordachev: Western hegemony is coming to an end, and the world is about to enter a very dangerous period

For 500 years the world has been run from Europe or the US: that’s about to change and nobody is sure what its replacement will look like


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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zbigniew_Brzezinski#%22Afghan_Trap%22_theory


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Big deal (I believe it to be true):

https://newlinesmag.com/essays/oxford-study-sheds-light-on-muhammads-underage-wife-aisha/


Oxford Study Sheds Light on Muhammad’s ‘Underage’ Wife Aisha

New scholarship suggests the story of Islam's prophet marrying a minor is baseless propaganda fabricated for political and sectarian motives

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Interesting: https://www.aei.org/articles/the-strange-plunge-in-us-productivity-growth-explained/


https://www.aei.org/articles/5-quick-questions-for-economist-anton-korinek-on-ai-and-the-end-of-the-age-of-human-labor/


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Arguing against the above Jordan Peterson video, not that all I'm against all that he's saying...but what are the solutions Bjorn puts forth? More EPA oversight and environmental laws and crackdowns? I know both Bjorn and Jordan are on the right political spectrum and so they believe in the free market, so what is the path? How could governments not intervene while action is needed? - Something has to give. I understand about third world country development and not wanting to kill people in the process but my understanding is that THE ruling elites of the world, these capitalist elites, are basically oppressing, trying to remain in power and use climate change as a tool of continued oppression while they and the capitalists, get ever bigger and richer.


Also wanted to say while watching the video: - Scientists have been warning us for years AND all of this is known already. -Scientists don't advocate for governments to take stupid actions (like/akin to cutting yourself).


Also - -> "The Circular Economy" - it's a big deal - science and learning - it's pretty sweet. - NOT the WEF Great Reset Agenda (also, work towards peace, not war (nor economic and ideological hegemony)(all is ego, can agree to disagree, I just don't see HOW capitalism and a weak state - that is non-interventionist in the economy (everything a commodity that must be plundered and privatized), will ever take effective action on climate to bring about a peaceful and prosperous society for all - and there is also another issue in post-modern society of the coming fourth industrial revolution - what will it be? More government intervention or corporate intervention into daily life will be a necessity for most of the population. What will it be? More democratic and socialist or more State-corporate-capitalism? Or maybe I'm thinking along too much of traditionalist lines...I need to read more, that's for sure - still, I like my views and vision I've developed so far but uh, I can see you know, others' points of view as well and learning about the failures of Stalinist Russia - or being able to write about that in essay format - well, yeah, we in the U.S. do not even come close to that level of general education....:)


https://phys.org/news/2022-11-carbon-dioxide-emissions-globally-china.html

Carbon dioxide emissions rising globally, but drop in China

by Seth Borenstein


https://phys.org/news/2022-11-scientists-pfas-guidelines.html

116 scientists reject WHO's draft PFAS guidelines

by Green Science Policy Institute

https://skepticalscience.com/ridley-murdoch-lomborg-greenwash-global-warming.html


Ridley, Murdoch, and Lomborg Attempt to Greenwash Global Warming


Posted on 16 January 2013 by dana1981

Matt Ridley is a businessman, chairman of a failed bank, and science writer who frequently publishes climate contrarian articles in the mainstream media (e.g. see here and here and here for our previous debunkings of his writings). His latest foray is an article in the Wall Street Journal, which has a long record of publishing nonsense from climate contrarians (e.g. see here and here and here).

This time around, Ridley's article is factually accurate. Really there's not much to it - Ridley simply discusses data showing that the planet has become 'greener' over the past few decades as vegetation has increased globally, on average. You might ask, "so what?". After all, we're not very concerned about current temperatures and climate change; we're concerned about the global warming yet to come and associated impacts on the climate, including more extreme weather, ocean acidification, sea level rise, species extinctions, etc. If plant growth continues to increase, that could be one positive outcome of global warming (depending on what types of plant life thrive), but does the scientific research indicate this will happen? Unfortunately, Ridley leaves this critical question unanswered, and thus his audience might assume that the correlation between warming and increased vegetation will continue. Indeed, that appears to be Rupert Murdoch's conclusion from Ridley's article.


On the contrary, as we will see below, continued reliance on fossil fuels will make conditions difficult for global vegetation, and for the rest of the world's ecosystems.

"Greening" Research is a Mixed Bag Net Primary Production (NPP) is essentially a measurement of plant growth. Figure 1 shows the results from three studies which sought to measure changes in NPP. Figure 1: Net primary production change measurements (in petagrams [1015 grams] of carbon per year) from Nemani et al. 2003 (blue), Zhao and Running 2010 (red), and Potter et al. 2012 (green). As you can see, according to Nemani et al. 2003, global plant growth rose from the early 1980s to the late 1990s. Zhao and Running 2010 picked up where Nemani left off, and found that this trend had not continued into the 21st century. According to their estimates, global plant growth had declined, or at the very least the increase had slowed. Potter et al. 2012 examined the data and did find an increasing trend from 2000 to 2009, but at a slower rate than the prior two decades.

The Potter results are also consistent with the research that Ridley references in his article (de Jong et al. 2012). Rather than examining net primary production, de Jong et al. uses the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), which measures plant growth by using satellites to look at the near-infrared part of the light spectrum, where healthy vegetation is very reflective. Their results showing the net change in NDVI from 1982 to 2008 are illustrated in Figure 2, with green representing a greening, and brown representing a browning. Figure 2: Global greening and browning in terms of normalized difference vegetation index changes between 1982 and 2008, from de Jong et al. 2012

The de Jong research finds less overall greening in the southern hemisphere (SH) than the northern hemisphere (NH), which is similar to the Zhao and Potter results, both of which find a decrease in SH plant growth from 2000 to 2009. Zhao and Running connect this decline to an increase in drought activity.

"Over the past 10 years, large-scale periodic regional droughts and a general drying trend over the SH reduced global terrestrial NPP. Under a changing climate, severe regional droughts have become more frequent, a trend expected to continue for the foreseeable future"

They find a very strong correlation between droughts in the southern hemisphere and decreased plant growth. This is also consistent with the results of