Will be a lot of religion in this one maybe...
Cursing! warning. Tragic and funny...
Truth, honesty, goodness prevail.
Cursing cursing (wish people used better language but the times are as such, can only do you and try to abstain and not be influenced but yeah, listening definitely affects us on a personal level as does seeing). The brain is powerful. Feed it well...
This is such a big issue today:
I digress about his views on Islam but it's fine. I'm reading the Bible now again, for the first time really (raised Christadelphian and went to church till I was 18 - 35 now) and it does have many really great lessons in it it seems, helping me understand myself more I believe in combination with Islam and everything really...Buddhist quotes etc. have a lot of goodness and truth in them as well and Jungian psychology as well, it's okay...good is good. Allah/God is the greatest...can only do ourselves and strive to better ourselves and our understanding and then try to actually realize it in the real world (it's not contradictory with Islam that action is the best and also with being humble/pious and striving within ourselves and limiting our ego's or bad character traits or learned norms/ways of being with new found knowledge or wisdom or old wisdom (integrating the old with the new)...We're all human and have powerful brains and psychologies. Not everything is easy, but actually, simple can be quite hard and complex, especially in practice.
Lessons from Surah Al Nahl (video above): The part about vengeance -- If someone hurt you (is the aggressor) I think is really great and makes sense. As a person raised Christiadelphian and in this kind of Christian-agnostic-athiest society, where "freedom" is touted above everything and the Christian belief that Christ was sacrificed for our sins, so it's okay to sin, that all sins will be forgiven...well, it is like, it is a very peaceful and loving message, but then it opens the doorway for all kinds of sins to be wrought upon others and the world. So while the Christian or Buddhist condemns the "eye for an eye" message as violent, or opening the doors to violence, they often themselves gives permission to so much violence and oppression in ways, but as the Quran states, they themselves cover their eyes and ears and persist in thinking, "this is okay" (in a way or ways). This is our ego (or self-righteousness and I, obviously think I'm right myself but...yeah, you have to judge for yourself I suppose and in the Islamic faith, we have a belief in fitrah - that deep down, we know what is good and most right,; courses of action and thinking, moral compasses so to speak, and that, you know (or maybe not) the child up until a certain age is not a sinful being - there just a child - but in knowing oneself, and as the Bible New Kings James version, towards the end of Genesis - how Isaac speaks on how his children are - is interesting - we definitely each have our own strengths and weaknesses etc...and together, make a "more perfect union" so to speak, like the different personalities of the companions around the Prophet Muhammed SAW, each had their strengths).
So anyway, back on that being I believe the most truthful of messages, even in it's own violence (recognize! the whole message, - is better to forgive and be patient, not a narcissist), that the world and people are not perfect. There is no divine justice in this world, so the message of being patient and charitable, is always timeless. There will always be differing opinions but then just, giving in to everything, one becomes like not even an individual with free will.
Quran states man given this responsibility of free will...
Rishabh Bishnoi Updated 4 years ago · Author has 331 answers and 739.1K answer views
Rishabh Bishnoi's answer to What do Jewish, Christian, and Muslim people think of determinism (the absence of free will)? Concept of Free will and Predestination / Determinism In Islam: We Muslims reject both the dogma of absolute determinism as well as absolute free will. We believe in a matter in between. That means man has a free will in the matter of his actions although his free will is by divine decree. Because God is the ultimate and independent cause of all causes it is correct to relate all that exists to God (monotheism in acts). Similarly, because God has granted man free will in his actions, it is also correct to relate the actions of man to his own choice. For instance, God states in the Quran that He is Sustainer of all that is in the earth (11:6) and at the same time holds man responsible for the sustanence of his family (2:233). Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Whatever that you could blame man for it, is his action and whatever you could not blame him for it, is the act of God. God blames man for drinking alcohol, committing adultery etc. Thus, these are the acts of man. However, God does not blame man why he is sick or why his skin colour is black or fair. Thus, these are the acts of God.” [Beharul-Anwaar vol.5 p.58]. The Imam was also asked about the meaning of ‘a matter in between’. His reply was: “The example of it is, if you see a man committing a sin and you advise him to refrain from it, yet he does not pay any heed to your advice. Surely, just because he didn’t listen to you, it cannot be said that you forced him to sin.” [Ibid, p.83] Imam Hadi (a.s) quoting from Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “People with regards to ‘destiny’ are of three categories: The first is the one who assumes that Allah has given full authority to him. This (person) has weakened God in His kingdom, thus, he is perished. The second is the one who assumes that God has forced people to sin and He has held them responsible over things that they have no power over. This (person) is unfair to God in His judgment, thus he is perished. The third is the one who assumes God has held people responsible for what they do and does not hold them responsible for what they have no power over. Then when he does something good, he praises God and when he does something evil, he seeks God’s forgiveness. This (person) is a mature Muslim.” A Muslim should also believe that the decree of God on the matters that are beyond one’s choice, is always eventually beneficial for a believer. The Prophet of Islam (P) once so smiled that his blessed molar teeth were shown. The Messenger of God was asked for his smile. He replied: “I wonder about the affairs of a Muslim that there is no divine decree about him but eventually it will be to his benefit. Hope you understood Muslim view point.
2 Yes. A classical scholarly view is that this verse (33:72) refers to humanity choosing Al-Amanah (the Trust), where they chose being entrusted with their own obedience ("free will")... in contrast to the rest of creation (e.g., heavens/earth/mountains per the examples in the Qur'an verse) which all are obedient by default because they did not take on this trust/responsibility. There's nothing that expands on this better than the very next verse, which shows us the outcome of choosing this responsibility i.e., evildoers are punished and good-doers are forgiven/rewarded. (And since the rest of creation didn't take on the trust, they don't get rewarded/punished). ليعذب الله المنافقين والمنافقات والمشركين والمشركات ويتوب الله على المؤمنين والمؤمنات وكان الله غفورا رحيما (With the result) that Allah has to punish the Hypocrites, men and women, and the Unbelievers, men and women, and Allah turns in Mercy to the Believers, men and women: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:73). Read below for a scholarly tafsir [left out some portions, so please refer to the Tafsir for the full text] How Man bore the Amanah Al-'Awfi reported that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Al-Amanah means obedience. This was offered to them before it was offered to Adam, and they could not bear it. Then Allah said to Adam: 'I have offered the Amanah to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they could not bear it. Will you take it on' He said, 'O Lord, what does it involve' He said, `If you do good, you will be rewarded, and if you do evil, you will be punished.' So Adam took the Amanah and bore it, and this is what is referred to in the Ayah: وَحَمَلَهَا الإِنْسَـنُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُوماً جَهُولاً (But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust and ignorant.)'' 'Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "Al-Amanah means Al-Fara'id (the obligatory duties). Allah offered them to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, (on the grounds that) if they fulfilled them, He would reward them; and if they failed, He would punish them. But they did not want to do that, and they were afraid of it, not because their intention was sinful, but because of their respect for the religion of Allah, in case they could not fulfill the obligations involved. Then Allah offered it to Adam, and he accepted it with all that it entailed. This is what is referred to in the Ayah: وَحَمَلَهَا الإِنْسَـنُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُوماً جَهُولاً (But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust and ignorant. ) meaning, he underestimated the command of Allah.'' This was also the view of Mujahid, Sa'id bin Jubayr, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan Al-Basri and others that Al-Amanah means Al-Fara'id. Others said that it meant obedience. Al-A'mash narrated from Abu Ad-Duha from Masruq that Ubayy bin Ka`b said: "Part of Al-Amanah means that woman was entrusted with her own chastity.'' Qatadah said: "Al-Amanah means religion, obligatory duties and prescribed punishments.'' Malik narrated that Zayd bin Aslam said: "Al-Amanah means three things: prayer, fasting and performing Ghusl to cleanse oneself from sexual impurity.'' There is no contradiction between all of these views; they are all in agreement and all refer to responsibility and the acceptance of commands and prohibitions with their attendant conditions, which is that the one who fulfills this responsibility, will be rewarded; while the one who neglects it, will be punished. (...) The Result of taking on the Amanah لِّيُعَذِّبَ اللَّهُ الْمُنَـفِقِينَ وَالْمُنَـفِقَـتِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ وَالْمُشْرِكَـتِ (So that Allah will punish the hypocrites, men and women, and the men and women who are idolators.) means, because the sons of Adam have undertaken to fulfill the Amanah, which means duties, Allah will punish the men and women among them who are hypocrites, who are those who make an outward display of faith because they fear the believers, but in their hearts they conceal disbelief and in fact are followers of the disbelievers. Share Improve this answer Follow edited Jun 17, 2020 at 9:19 CommunityBot1 answered Jul 21, 2018 at 18:13 Muslimah4,25711 gold badge1010 silver badges2525 bronze badges Add a comment
0 As @Bach has already mentioned in comments, accepting the offer given by Allah PBUH is a manifestation of the humankind already having at least a level of free will. Not only humankind, but also those who refuse to accept the offer have at least a level of free will. إِنَّا عَرَضْنَا الْأَمَانَةَ عَلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَالْجِبَالِ فَأَبَيْنَ أَن يَحْمِلْنَهَا وَأَشْفَقْنَ مِنْهَا وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنسَانُ ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُومًا جَهُولًا Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant. So, this is not the place for Allah to give the humankind the free will. Indeed, in the same verse, Allah has announced what was the driving force to accept what the other creatures declined to accept. The man accepted it out of ignorance and unjust, while the others refused to accept it out of fear. The state of the man which led it to accept the offer is also explained in other verses, that: إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ ﴿٦﴾ وَإِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكَ لَشَهِيدٌ ﴿٧﴾ وَإِنَّهُ لِحُبِّ الْخَيْرِ لَشَدِيدٌ ﴿٨﴾ Indeed mankind, to his Lord, is ungrateful. (6) And indeed, he is to that a witness. (7) And indeed he is, in love of wealth, intense. (8) This intense love of wealth led him to accept such a great offer that the heavens and the earth had fear from its acceptance. According to Shia Ahadeeth, the great offer is something that Praying Allah (صلوٰة) is a major manifestation of it: "وَاسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَ الصَّلَاةِ ۚ وَ إِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلَّا عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ ﴿٤٥﴾ ". And seek help through patience and prayer, and indeed, the latter being difficult except for the humbly submissive [to Allah] (45) There are a lot in Ahadeeth and the saying of the scholars of Shia about this verse, but this much should suffice in response to your question. About free will also there are tons of arguments, but only mention that the free will, as much as it is free will, does not belong to human kind only. Angels, animals, plants, and even stones and those which we consider as not alive, they all have free will to some extent. Even we have Ahadeeth that they will resurrect at the Day. For example have you seen these verses: وَمَا مِن دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُم ۚ مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِن شَيْءٍ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ And there is no creature on [or within] the earth or bird that flies with its wings except [that they are] communities like you. We have not neglected in the Register a thing. Then unto their Lord they will be gathered. أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّـهَ يَسْجُدُ لَهُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَن فِي الْأَرْضِ وَالشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ وَالنُّجُومُ وَالْجِبَالُ وَالشَّجَرُ وَالدَّوَابُّ وَكَثِيرٌ مِّنَ النَّاسِ ۖ وَكَثِيرٌ حَقَّ عَلَيْهِ الْعَذَابُ ۗ وَمَن يُهِنِ اللَّـهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِن مُّكْرِمٍ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَفْعَلُ مَا يَشَاءُ ۩ ﴿١٨﴾ Do you not see that to Allah prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth and the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees, the moving creatures and many of the people? But upon many the punishment has been justified. And he whom Allah humiliates - for him there is no bestower of honor. Indeed, Allah does what He wills. (18) تُسَبِّحُ لَهُ السَّمَاوَاتُ السَّبْعُ وَالْأَرْضُ وَمَن فِيهِنَّ ۚ وَإِن مِّن شَيْءٍ إِلَّا يُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَلَـٰكِن لَّا تَفْقَهُونَ تَسْبِيحَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّهُ كَانَ حَلِيمًا غَفُورًا The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him. And there is not a thing except that it exalts [Allah] by His praise, but you do not understand their [way of] exalting. Indeed, He is ever Forbearing and Forgiving. (44) These are all through free will ...